Icelandic population relies on fisheries and agriculture. Many varieties of fish live in the ocean waters surrounding Iceland, and the fishing industry is a main contributor to Iceland’s economy, accounting for more than half of its total exports. Disagreements over fishing rights with Britain led to the so-called Cod Wars (Þorskastríðin, The Cod Strife) between 1950 and 1976. While driving around Iceland, you will often come across dried cods (Gadus morhua), or cod heads, hanging on wooden racks; this is the traditional way of fish processing. Harðfiskur is an example of traditional Icelandic food made by drying fish outdoors.

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