Agricultural production is of great importance to the national economy of Iceland and was the mainstay occupation for ages - in the mid 19th century up to 80% of the nation lived from farming. This proportion has decreased dramatically to below 5%. The country’s 4000 farmers still produce sufficient food of animal origin for the island’s population; vegetables are partly grown in geothermally heated glasshouses. Family farming is the most common arrangement, engaged in sheep and dairy-based farming. Domestic animals of Iceland include the Icelandic sheep, cattle, and the sturdy Icelandic horse.

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